Published: 2 March 2017
Prescriber Update 38(1): 8
Medsafe and the Centre for Adverse Reactions Monitoring (CARM) would like to thank all those who have submitted reports of suspected adverse reactions in 2016. These reports make an important contribution to the post-market monitoring of medicines in New Zealand.
Medsafe uses this information to identify possible safety issues and take appropriate actions, such as:
In 2016, CARM received a total of 3,944 reports of suspected adverse reactions. These reports included 2,522 reports associated with medicines, 1,385 reports associated with vaccines and 37 reports associated with a complementary or alternative medicine (CAM).
Of the reports received, 41% of medicine reports, 32.4% of CAM reports and only 3.6% of vaccine reports were considered serious. A serious adverse reaction is defined, according to internationally agreed criteria, as any reactions that result in death or is life-threatening, causes or prolongs hospitalisation, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity or is a congenital abnormality.
Additional information about suspected adverse reactions reported in New Zealand can be found on the Medsafe website using the Suspected Medicines Adverse Reaction Search (SMARS) (www.medsafe.govt.nz/Projects/B1/ADRSearch.asp).
Nurses continue to be the most frequent reporter in 2016, followed by hospital doctors and general practitioners (GPs) (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Source of adverse reaction reports in New Zealand in 2016
Healthcare professionals and consumers are encouraged to report any suspected adverse reactions to medicines, vaccines or CAMs to CARM.
Suspected adverse reactions can be reported using one of the following options.